طراحی شبکه زنجیره تأمین با بهره گیری از فناوری رایانش ابری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه آزاد غرب

2 گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده فنی مهندسی، واحد تهران غرب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران؛

10.22084/ier.2019.16231.1763

چکیده

فناوری­های نوین برای خلق فرصت‌های ارزشمند در زنجیره‌­تأمین به رویکرد جدیدی نیاز دارند تا نه‌ تنها جریان فیزیکی کالاها و خدمات، بلکه انبوه اطلاعات و داده‌های مالی را یکپارچه ‌سازند. استفاده از فناوری روز و تحلیل داده­‌های موجود و ارائه گزارشات مربوطه به مدیران ارشد سازمان در زمان مناسب موجب می­‌شود تا آن‌ها با توجه به تغییرات بازار بتوانند تصمیمات مناسب و هوشمندانه‌­ای را اتخاذ نمایند و در جهت اهداف استراتژیک سازمان گام‌­های مؤثرتری بردارند. امروزه، انعطاف­‌پذیری سازمان­ها با توجه به تغییر در نیازهای مشتریان، بسیار حائز اهمیت است. از سوی دیگر، میزان و زمان سفارش­‌گذاری مناسب تأثیر بسزایی در کاهش هزینه‌­های سربار داشته و چابکی سازمان را افزایش می‌دهد. فناوری ابر به‌عنوان یک قابلیت کلیدی در دنیای امروز می‌تواند تأثیر شگرفی بر انتقال داده‌ها در مدل‌های مختلف عملکردی زنجیره­‌تأمین و همچنین تحلیل‌ بخش‌های مختلف کسب‌وکار داشته باشد. به همین منظور در این تحقیق به‌ دنبال بررسی استفاده از فناوری ابری جهت ارزشمندتر کردن فرایندهای زنجیره‌تأمین هستیم و این موارد را به‌ صورت مدل ریاضی ارائه نمودیم. مدل ریاضی به‌ صورت دقیق حل شده و در ابعاد بزرگ مسأله با استفاده از رویکردهای بهینه‌­سازی هوشمند مورد تجزیه‌ و تحلیل قرار گرفته است. نتایج نشان داد با پیاده ­سازی شبکه زنجیره ­تأمین پیشنهادی، حمل‌ونقل و هزینه‌های ناشی از آن ب ه‌صورت چشم­گیری کاهش و درآمد شرکت افزایش می­‌یابد که این روند شرکت­ها را به‌ سمت زنجیره ­تأمین سبز نیز سوق می­‌دهد.  همچنین، با حذف واسطه­‌ها، کالا با قیمت و کیفیت مناسب­تری به مشتری نهایی تحویل می­‌شود که این موضوع منجر به جلب هر چه بیشتر رضایت مشتری می­‌گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Cloud Computing-based Supply Chain Network Design

نویسندگان [English]

  • Vahid Hajipour 1
  • Mohammad Rahbarjou 2
1 Assistant Professor/ WTIAU
2 Department of Engineering, College of Industrial Engineering, West Tehran Branch ,Islamic Azad University,Tehran,Iran
چکیده [English]

New technologies require new approaches to create valuable opportunities in the supply chain to integrate not only the physical progress of goods and services but also massive information and financial data. Using the technology of the day and analyzing the existing data and presenting the reports to the managers of the organization at the right time enable them to make suitable and intelligently decisions due to market fluctuations. It causes to move their effective steps toward the organizations strategic goals. Nowadays, the flexibility of the organizations is very important due to the changing customer’s needs. On the other hand, the suitable time and amount of ordering has a significant impact to reduce the costs and to increase the organization's agility. Cloud technology, as a key feature in today's world, can contribute on data transfer in various performance models of the supply chain and also in analyzing various business parts. For this purpose, this research fallows to explore the use of cloud technology to value the supply chain processes and presents the problem as a mathematical model. The mathematical model has been thoroughly solved and analyzed in the large dimensions of the problem using the best-developed optimization algorithm. The results showed that with the implementation of the proposed supply chain network, transportation and costs reduce significantly and increase company revenue, which lead the companies to the green supply chain. Moreover, by removing intermediaries, the goods are delivered to the final customer with a better price and quality, which result in more customer satisfactions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Supply chain network design
  • Cloud computing
  • Mathematical modelling
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