طراحی یک شبکه زنجیره تأمین سبز چند هدفه چند محصولی و چند دوره ای با در نظر گرفتن تخفیف در شرایط عدم قطعیت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه خوارزمی

2 دانشکده مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

در جهان امروز، تغییرات در عرصه اقتصاد و صنعت با سرعت بیشتری نسبت به گذشته در حال وقوع می‌باشد. هدف سازمان‌ها و شرکت‌ها، حفظ و افزایش سود و همچنین بقا و دوام بیشتر در بازار است؛ به‌طوری‌که جهانی‌شدن فعالیت‌های اقتصادی در کنار رشد سریع فناوری و منابع محدود، شرکت‌ها را در یک رقابت تنگاتنگ قرار داده است. ازجمله مزیت‌های رقابتی برای شرکت‌ها، کاراتر و اثربخش‌تر کردن فعالیت‌هایی نظیر زنجیره تأمین است. همچنین به دلیل قوانین دولتی، مسائل زیست­محیطی و گسترش مفهوم مسئولیت­پذیری اجتماعی، مدیریت زنجیره تأمین حلقه بسته موردتوجه بسیاری از محققان قرارگرفته است. زنجیره تأمین حلقه بسته شامل هر دو شبکه زنجیره تأمین روبه­جلو و معکوس می­باشد و هدف از طراحی آن ترکیب کردن ملاحظات محیطی با طراحی شبکه زنجیره تأمین سنتی از طریق جمع­آوری محصولات استفاده‌شده و فعالیت­های مربوط به استفاده مجدد از آن­ها می­باشد. در این مقاله یک مدل زنجیره تأمین حلقه بسته دو هدفه، چند دوره‌ای، چند محصولی با در نظر گرفتن ملاحظات زیست‌محیطی و اعمال مفاهیم کمبود قابل جبران و تخفیف، گسترش داده‌شده است. ابتدا مدل قطعی زنجیره تأمین حلقه بسته با استفاده از سه روش تصمیم‌گیری چندهدفه حل و نتایج محاسباتی نشان داده‌شده است. سپس با توجه به غیرقطعی بودن برخی پارامترها، مدل بهینه‌سازی استوار متناظر با مدل پیشنهادی ارائه و با روش‌های تصمیم‌گیری چندهدفه حل‌شده است. درنهایت بهترین روش موجود برای مدل‌های قطعی و غیرقطعی با استفاده از روش حل ایده آل جابجا شونده (فیلترینگ) برگزیده‌شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Design of multi-objective multi-product multi period green supply chain network with considering discount under uncertainty

نویسندگان [English]

  • Javid Ghahremani nahr 1
  • Ali Ghodratnama 1
  • Hamid Reza IzadBakhah 1
  • Reza Tavakkoli Moghaddam 2
1 Department of Industrial Engineering, Kharazmi University
2 Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

In today’s world, changes in the economy and industry field occur in higher speed compared to the past time. The main aim of organizations and companies is to preserve and increase the benefit as well as survive in the commercial fields. This matter has caused in large scale because of that companies the globalization, economic activity along with the rapid Increment of the technical and restricted sources to compete closely together. For the companies, the competitive benefits, for example as to become efficient related to the affairs such as supply chain. Additionally, because of governmental rules, green affairs and development the social responsibility concept, management the closed loop supply chain field has attained many research interests. Closed loop Supply chain involve forward and reverse both together and the main aim of it’s design is to mix up the environmental observations with the traditional supply chain using accumulating the used products and operations related to the them as well. In this paper a multi objective, multi period multi product closed loop supply chain mathematical model considering green matters and compensable shortage as well as discounts has been developed. Firstly, closed loop supply chain mathematical model has been solved using three multi objective decision maker methods and numerical results have been reported in large scale. Secondly, regarding to the uncertainty of the parameters, the robust optimization model related to the main model has been formed and solved using multi objective decision maker methods, finally the best method for deterministic and uncertain model using filtering has been chosen.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Green closed loop supply chain
  • MODM
  • Robust optimization
  • Uncertainty

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